Laparoscopic selection for surgery in epithelial ovarian cancer. A short review
Ovarian cancer, laparoscopy, selection, surgery
Published online: Mar 31 2023
The role of laparoscopy as a treatment selection method in ovarian cancer patients is receiving growing attention in surgical practice in both early and advanced-stage disease. When the disease is confined to the ovary, intraoperative laparoscopic assessment of the tumour features is needed to select the best surgical approach in order to prevent intraoperative spillage of cancer cells which would negatively impact patient prognosis. The role of laparoscopy as a disease distribution assessment tool in cases of advanced-stage disease is now accepted by current guidelines as an effective treatment strategy selection. Indeed, a published and validated laparoscopic scoring system, based on laparoscopic assessed intra-abdominal disease dissemination features have been demonstrated to be a reliable predictor of optimal cytoreduction achievement. This subsequently reduces the exploratory laparotomy rate in both primary and interval debulking surgery setting.
Furthermore, in cases of recurrent disease, the use of laparoscopy to predict whether complete tumour resection can be achieved is accepted by available guidelines. In this setting, the combination of laparoscopy and imaging techniques to manage platinum sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer cases showed a high accuracy in appropriately selected patients for secondary cytoreductive surgery.
In this article we describe the role of laparoscopy in the treatment selection-process in ovarian cancer patients.