Journal of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy


The revival of vaginal surgery in the era of endoscopy: V-NOTES initial experience with a series of 32 patients

J. Raquet, L. Namèche, M. Nisolle, F. Closon

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liège, CHR Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium


Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (V-NOTES), minimally invasive surgery, gynaecologic surgery, hysterectomy

Published online: Mar 31 2023


Background: Transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (V-NOTES) is an emerging surgical technique in the evolution of minimally invasive surgery. This technique allows different types of surgical procedures to be performed by vaginal access with endoscopic control. The combination of vaginal surgery and laparoscopy brings many advantages, especially the absence of incisions in the abdominal wall and better visualization of the abdominal cavity.

Objectives: In this retrospective study we report our initial experience of V-NOTES in benign gynaecologic surgery by describing our first consecutive 32 surgeries.

Materials and Methods: From June 2020 to January 2022, 32 gynaecological procedures were performed by V-NOTES by the same surgeon in a university hospital. Perioperative outcomes were evaluated retrospectively.

Main outcomes measures: Conversion to laparoscopy or laparotomy and peri-operative and post-operative complications.

Results: None of the 32 V-NOTES procedures required conversion to conventional laparoscopy or laparotomy. We observed 2 intraoperative complications managed by V-NOTES and 2 post-operative complications (Clavien-Dindo Grade 2).

Conclusion: Our results are similar to studies previously published about this subject and are promising concerning the techniques efficacy and safety. We do believe that a short training allows to reach benefits safely. However, further prospective multicentre randomized trials comparing V-NOTES to totally laparoscopic hysterectomy and to vaginal hysterectomy are needed to strengthen the validity of this new approach.

What’s new? V-NOTES widens the indications of vaginal hysterectomies by removing limitations such as large uterus, absence of prolapse, and history of caesarean. Moreover, this technique allows adnexal surgery to be performed by vaginal access.