New approach for T-shaped uterus: Metroplasty with resection of lateral fibromuscular tissue using a 15 Fr miniresectoscope. A step-by-step technique
Hysteroscopy, T-shaped uterus, metroplasty, mini-resectoscope, dysmorphic uterus, three-dimensional ultrasound
Published online: Mar 31 2021
T-shaped uterus is a congenital uterine malformation (CUM), only recently defined by the ESGE ESHRE classification as Class U1a. The uterus is characterised by a narrow uterine cavity due to thickened lateral walls with a correlation 2/3 uterine corpus and 1/3 cervix. Although the significance of this dysmorphic malformation on reproductive performance has been questioned, recent studies reported significant improvement of life birth rates after surgical correction in patients with failed in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) or recurrent miscarriage. The classical surgical technique to treat a T-shaped uterus is by performing a sidewall incision with the micro scissor or bipolar needle, resulting in a triangular cavity.
In this video article, we describe a new surgical technique with a step-by-step method combining three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) and hysteroscopic metroplasty in an office setting, using a 15 Fr office resectoscope (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany), to treat a T-shaped uterus by resecting the lateral fibromuscular tissue of the uterine walls. No complications occurred and the postoperative hysteroscopy showed a triangular and symmetrical uterine cavity without any adhesions.
Video available at: https://vimeo.com/465700803/4ba8de0b78