Journal of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy


Reproductive surgery remains an essential element of reproductive medicine

B. Urman1,2, B. Ata1,3, V. Gomel4

1 Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Koç University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Women’s Health and Assisted Reproduction Center, American Hospital of Istanbul, Turkey
3 ART Fertility Clinics, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
4 Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada


Reproductive surgery, tubal reconstructive surgery, laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, fibroids, endometriosis

Published online: Jun 28 2024


Background: Reproductive surgery has long been neglected and is perceived to be simple surgery that can be undertaken by all gynaecologists. However, given the ever-expanding knowledge in the field, reproductive surgery now comprises surgical interventions on female reproductive organs that need to be carefully planned and executed with consideration given to the individuals symptoms, function of the organ and fertility concerns.

Objectives: To discuss the different perspectives of reproductive surgeons and other gynaecological surgeons, e.g., gynaecological oncologists, and advanced minimally invasive surgeons, regarding diagnosis and management of pelvic pathology that affects reproductive potential. Furthermore, to highlight the gaps in knowledge and numerous controversies surrounding reproductive surgery, while summarising the current opinion on management

Materials and Methods: Narrative review based on literature and the cumulative experience of the authors.

Main Outcome Measures and Results: The paper does not address specific research questions.

Conclusions: Reproductive surgery encompasses all reproductive organs with the aim of alleviating symptoms whilst restoring and preserving function with careful consideration given to alternatives such as expectant management, medical treatments, and assisted reproductive techniques. It necessitates utmost technical expertise and sufficient knowledge of the female genital anatomy and physiology, together with a thorough understanding of and respect to of ovarian reserve, tubal function, and integrity of the uterine anatomy, as well as an up-to-date knowledge of alternatives, mainly assisted reproductive technology.

What is new? A holistic approach to infertile women is only possible by focusing on the field of reproductive medicine and surgery, which is unattainable while practicing in multiple fields.