Journal of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy


Suture-fixation of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device under hysteroscopic guidance

P.G. Paul1, M. Shah1, V. Sridivya Chowdary1, A. Anusha Raaj1, G. Paul1

Paul’s Hospital, Centre for Advanced Endoscopy and Infertility, Vattekkattu Road, Kaloor, Kochi, Kerala, India


Adenomyosis, Abnormal uterine bleeding, Hysteroscopy, levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine device, Transvaginal ultrasonography

Published online: Dec 13 2023


Background: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common gynaecological condition. The levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) is an effective medical treatment. option which carries a small risk of device expulsion. For those who experience expulsion, some may benefit from a more robust surgical approach.

Objectives: To demonstrate the technique for suture fixation of an LNG-IUD under hysteroscopic guidance. Materials and methods: Stepwise video demonstration of the technique using a 5mm hysteroscope and a 3mm laparoscopic needle holder. The Institutional Ethical Committee was consulted, and the requirement for approval was waived because the video described a modified surgical technique. Informed consent was obtained from the patient.

Main outcome measures: A 35yr old parous woman with a nine-month history of AUB and severe dysmenorrhoea had an LNG-IUD sited with effective symptom relief. Unfortunately, the device was expelled six months after insertion, and she responded poorly to other medical treatments. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) suggested posterior wall adenomyosis. Considering her relief of symptoms with the LNG-IUD and history of expulsion, the patient was counselled regarding suture-fixation of the LNG-IUD.

Results: She was followed-up at 6 months post insertion. The LNG-IUD was noted in the uterine cavity without displacement or expulsion.

Conclusion: Hysteroscopy-guided suture fixation of an LNG-IUD is a minimally invasive, effective option for patients with a history of expulsion of an IUD. However, further studies are required to establish the safety and efficacy of this approach.

Learning Objective: To demonstrate LNG -IUD suture fixation technique using hysteroscopy for patients diagnosed with AUB and a history of device expulsion.