vNOTEsHC : Hysterectomy by transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery versus laparoscopic for large uteri: study protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial
Hysterectomy, benign indications, large uterus, vNOTES, laparoscopy
Published online: Sep 24 2023
Background: In France, 62,000 hysterectomies are performed per year, 70% of which are benign. The choice of approach (laparotomy, laparoscopy or vaginal route) is particularly important in the case of large uterus (> 280g) which are associated with a higher risk of complications. The current data are not sufficient to favour one or other approach. A new medical device, the vNOTES (Natural Vaginal Orifice Transluminal Endoscopy System), offers the advantage of both laparoscopic and vaginal route for pelvic surgery.
Objectives: To demonstrate the superiority in terms of intraoperative and postoperative complications of the use of a natural orifice transluminal endoscopic hysterectomy system (vNOTES) versus laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign pathologies on estimated large volume uteri (>280g)
Materials and Methods: A randomised, double-blind, superiority trial will be performed at five hospital centres. Women with benign uterine pathology requiring hysterectomy and with a large uterus (> 280g) will be randomised to receive either laparoscopic or vNOTES hysterectomy.
Main outcome measures: The primary outcome will be the occurrence of intraoperative and postoperative complications within 6 weeks of surgery. Secondary outcomes will be conversion during surgery, duration of surgery and hospitalisation, postoperative pain, postoperative complications, resumption of sexual life and satisfaction with the surgical team.
Results: 248 women will be randomised.
Conclusion: This trial will provide a better understanding of the approach to large uteri optimise the care of these thousands of women undergoing hysterectomy.
What’s new? This trial will evaluate the vNotes for large uteri.