An institutional study: Does Body Mass Index influence surgical approach, surgical morbidities, and outcomes in endometrial cancer patients?
Endometrial cancer, laparoscopy, obesity, body mass index
Published online: Sep 24 2023
Background: Endometrial Cancer (EC), the most common genital tract malignancy in women, is recognised to be associated with a high Body Mass Index (BMI).
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of obesity on intra and post-operative morbidity for patients treated for EC.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective observational study including patients with EC that were surgically treated at Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau during nine consecutive years. The patients were divided in groups according to BMI: <30 Kg/m2, ≥30-<40 Kg/m2 and ≥40 Kg/m2. Demographic and pathological characteristics, surgical outcomes, perioperative complications and long-term outcomes were recorded.
Results: The study included 290 patients; 164 patients with BMI <30 Kg/m2(56.5%), 107 patients with ≥30-<40 Kg/m2 36.9%) and 19 patients with ≥40 Kg/m2(6.65%). Patients with BMI ≥40Kg/m2 were younger, presented a higher percentage of endometrioid histology (84.2%, p<0.01), well-differentiated tumours (73.7%, p<0.01) and were more frequently in the initial stages at diagnosis (94.7%) compared to the other groups. A significant percentage of the patients were operated on laparoscopically (88.7%, 88.8%, 94.7% respectively). No significant differences were found in the evaluation of the surgical outcomes. The results relative to complications showed an overall tendency toward increase in the ≥40 Kg/m2 BMI group but no statistical differences were identified among the groups in terms of complications or long-term outcomes.
Conclusions: There was a rising trend towards increased complications with increasing BMI in the study population, however, this was found not to be statistically significant. Therefore, the optimisation of co-morbidities and the adaptation of surgical treatment is important for the management of obese patients with endometrial cancer.
What is new? The study allows the comparison between groups with different BMI in patients with endometrial cancer. Different surgical outcomes, intra operative, early, and late complications are clearly identified, and survival outcomes are also investigated in our study.