Journal of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy


Complete uterine septum, double cervix, and longitudinal vaginal septum: an integrated approach for one-stop diagnosis and ultrasound-guided endoscopic treatment

F. Pozzati1, M. Mirandola1, G. Topozouva1, L. Parodi1, A. Carla Testa1,2, G. Scambia1,2, U. Catena1

1 Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute della Donna, del Bambino e di Sanità Pubblica, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, U.O.C. di Ginecologia Oncologica, Rome, Italy
2 Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy


Congenital anomaly, uterine malformation, ultrasound, Hysteroscopy, U2bC2V1

Published online: Jun 30 2023


Background: A complete uterine septum, double cervix and vaginal septum is a complex and rare congenital genital tract anomaly. The diagnosis is often challenging and based on the combination of different diagnostic techniques and multiple treatment steps.

Objective: To propose a combined one-stop diagnosis and an ultrasound-guided endoscopic treatment of complete uterine septum, double cervix, and longitudinal vaginal septum anomaly.

Materials and Methods: Stepwise demonstration with narrated video footage of an integrated approach management of a complete uterine septum, double cervix and vaginal longitudinal septum treated by expert operators combining minimally invasive hysteroscopy and ultrasound. The patient was 30 years old and was referred to our clinic because of dyspareunia, infertility and the suspicion of a genital malformation.

Results: A one-stop complete evaluation of uterine cavity, external profile, cervix, and vagina was made through 2D, and 3D ultrasound combined with hysteroscopic assessment and a U2bC2V1 malformation (according to ESHRE/ESGE classification) was diagnosed. The procedure consisted in a totally endoscopic removal of the vaginal longitudinal septum and the complete uterine septum, starting the uterine septum incision from the isthmic level, and sparing the two cervices, under transabdominal ultrasound guidance. The ambulatory procedure was performed in the Digital Hysteroscopic Clinic (DHC) CLASS Hysteroscopy in Fondazione Policlinico Gemelli IRCCS of Rome - Italy, under general anaesthesia (laryngeal mask).

Main outcomes: Surgical time of procedure was 37 minutes; no complications occurred; patient was discharged three hours after the procedure; the hysteroscopic office control after 40 days showed a normal vagina and a normal uterine cavity with two normal cervices.

Conclusion: An integrated ultrasound and hysteroscopic approach allows an accurate one-stop diagnosis and a totally endoscopic treatment option for complex congenital malformations using an ambulatory model of care with optimal surgical results.

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