Surgical Treatment of Catamenial Chest Pain: Excision of diaphragmatic endometriosis during robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery
Diaphragmatic endometriosis, cyclical shoulder pain, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery
Published online: Jan 27 2023
Background: 10% of women of reproductive age are affected by endometriosis, and diaphragmatic endometriosis represents 1-1.5% of these cases. Diaphragmatic endometriotic lesions often require surgical treatment.
Objectives: This video aims to demonstrate the appearance of diaphragmatic endometriosis and describe our experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic excision of full thickness diaphragmatic endometriosis.
Materials and Methods: The patient was a 37-year-old female with the complaint of cyclical right shoulder pain (for 1 year). She previously had caesarean section scar and umbilical endometriosis excision procedures. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen highlighted three endometriotic nodules, one of which was described as full thickness on the right hemi-diaphragm. The patient underwent a robot-assisted laparoscopic endometriosis surgery as a joint procedure between the gynaecology and general surgery teams. The falciform ligament was completely divided to obtain full views of the endometriotic lesions on the diaphragm. Superficial diaphragmatic lesions were first excised. The larger deep nodule, which was described on the MRI, was then excised with the full thickness of diaphragm. Pleural cavity was entered intentionally to achieve complete excision of the nodule. Laparoscopic assessment of the right lower pleural cavity through this opening did not show any endometriotic lesions. After the excision, the diaphragm was repaired with a barbed suture. Negative pressure suction of the pleural cavity was performed at the end of this repair instead of using a chest tube.
Results: The patient was discharged on the 3rd day with no complications encountered. Histopathological examination confirmed endometriosis. The patient was asymptomatic three months after surgery.
Conclusion: Robotic-assisted surgery is an easy and safe choice especially in such challenging dual compartment surgeries by providing a 3D view that abolishes sensory loss and increases depth perception, providing better manoeuvrability with tremor absence.
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