Endometrial preservation during resection of type II and type III submucosal fibroids
submucosal myoma, transcervical resection, endometrium, infertility
Published online: Sep 30 2022
Background and objectives: Hysteroscopic myomectomy is considered the gold-standard treatment of submucosal fibroids. However, it is associated with disruption of the endometrium which may lead to complications such as intrauterine adhesions and loss of functional endometrium. In this video article we describe a technique to resect Type III and Type II fibroids whilst minimising the loss of overlying endometrium.
Materials and methods: We present two patients with type II/III submucosal fibroids with minimal or no intracavitary component. The resection technique we demonstrate comprises either making an endometrial incision or making a small opening in the overlying endometrium to expose the fibroid pseudocapsule. Subsequent steps of resection are then performed through this small opening. Thus, complete resection is achieved without further resection of the endometrium.
Main outcome measures: Evidence of endometrial healing and absence of intrauterine synechiae on follow up outpatient hysteroscopy or ultrasound scan.
Results: Full resection was achieved in both patients with no or minimal loss of overlying endometrium. A follow up outpatient hysteroscopy was performed 8 weeks later in the first patient, demonstrating completely healed uterine cavity. She had a successful conception and delivery following IVF treatment for male factor infertility. The second patient is currently in the process of IVF treatment.
Conclusions: Our technique enables endometrial preservation and potentially better reproductive outcomes following resection of type II and type III submucosal fibroids. Larger scale studies are required to elucidate long term outcomes on bigger patient population.
Video scan (read QR)